Extent of Indian Railway network in 1909
The history of rail transport in India began in the mid-nineteenth century.
Prior to 1850, there were no railway lines in the country. This changed with the first railway in 1853. Railways were gradually developed, for a short while by the British East India Company and subsequently by the Colonial British Government. primarily to transport troops for their numerous wars, and secondly to transport cotton for export to mills in UK. Transport of Indian passengers received little interest till 1947 when India got freedom and started to develop railways in a more judicious manner. [ 1 ]
By 1929, there were 66,000 km (41,000 mi) of railway lines serving most of the districts in the country. At that point of time, the railways represented a capital value of some £687 million, and carried over 620 million passengers and approximately 90 million tons of goods a year. [ 2 ] The railways in India were a group of privately owned companies, mostly with British shareholders and whose profits invariably returned to Britain. [ 3 ] The military engineers of the East India Company. later of the British Indian Army, contributed to the birth and growth of the railways which gradually became the responsibility of civilian technocrats and engineers. However, construction and operation of rail transportation in the North West Frontier Province and in foreign nations during war or for military purposes was the responsibility of the military engineers. [ 2 ]The linking of the Indian Railways
The first train in the country had run between Roorkee and Piran Kaliyar on December 22, 1851 to temporarily solve the then irrigation problems of farmers, large quantity of clay was required which was available in Piran Kaliyar area, 10 km away from Roorkee. The necessity to bring clay compelled the engineers to think of the possibility of running a train between the two points. [ 4 ] In 1845, along with Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. Hon. Jaganath Shunkerseth (known as Nana Shankarsheth) formed the Indian Railway Association. Eventually, the association was incorporated into the Great Indian Peninsula Railway. and Jeejeebhoy and Shankarsheth became the only two Indians among the ten directors of the GIP railways. As a director, Shankarsheth participated in the very first commercial train journey in India between Bombay and Thane on 16 April 1853 in a 14 carriage long train drawn by 3 locomotives named Sultan, Sindh and Sahib. It was around 21 miles in length and took approximately 45 minutes.
A British engineer, Robert Maitland Brereton. was responsible for the expansion of the railways from 1857 onwards. The Calcutta -Allahabad -Delhi line was completed by 1864. The Allahabad-Jabalpur branch line of the East Indian Railway opened in June 1867. Brereton was responsible for linking this with the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, resulting in a combined network of 6,400 km (4,000 mi). Hence it became possible to travel directly from Bombay to Calcutta via Allahabad. This route was officially opened on 7 March 1870 and it was part of the inspiration for French writer Jules Verne 's book Around the World in Eighty Days. At the opening ceremony, the Viceroy Lord Mayo concluded that "it was thought desirable that, if possible, at the earliest possible moment, the whole country should be covered with a network of lines in a uniform system". [ 5 ]
By 1875, about £95 million (equal to £117 billion in 2012) were invested by British companies in Indian guaranteed railways. [ 6 ] It later transpired that there was heavy corruption in these investments, on the part of both, members of the British Colonial Government in India, and companies who supplied machinery and steel in Britain. This resulted in railway lines and equipment costing nearly double what they should have costed. [ 1 ]
By 1880 the network route was about 14,500 km (9,000 mi), mostly radiating inward from the three major port cities of Bombay. Madras and Calcutta. By 1895, India had started building its own locomotives and in 1896 sent engineers and locomotives to help build the Uganda Railways .
In 1900, the GIPR became a British government owned company. The network spread to the modern day states of Assam. Rajasthan. Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and soon various independent kingdoms began to have their own rail systems. In 1901, an early Railway Board was constituted, but the powers were formally invested under Lord Curzon. It served under the Department of Commerce and Industry and had a government railway official serving as chairman, and a railway manager from England and an agent of one of the company railways as the other two members. For the first time in its history, the Railways began to make a profit.
In 1907, almost all the rail companies were taken over by the government. The following year, the first electric locomotive made its appearance. With the arrival of World War I. the railways were used to meet the needs of the British outside India. With the end of the war, the railways were in a state of disrepair and collapse.
In 1920, with the network having expanded to 61,220 km, a need for central management was mooted by Sir William Acworth. Based on the East India Railway Committee chaired by Acworth, the government took over the management of the Railways and detached the finances of the Railways from other governmental revenues.
The growth of the rail network significantly decreased the impact of famine in India. According to Robin Burgess and Dave Donaldson, "the ability of rainfall shortages to cause famine disappeared almost completely after the arrival of railroads." [ 7 ]Revenues
The period between 1920 and 1929 was a period of economic boom. Following the Great Depression, however, the company suffered economically for the next eight years. The Second World War severely crippled the railways. Trains were diverted to the Middle East and later, the Far East to combat the Japanese. Railway workshops were converted to ammunitions workshops and some tracks (such as Churchgate to Colaba in Bombay) were dismantled for use in war in other countries. By 1946 all rail systems had been taken over by the government. [ citation needed ]Electrification
In 1904, the idea to electrify the railway network was proposed by W.H White, chief engineer of the then Bombay Presidency government. He proposed the electrification of the two Bombay-based companies, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway and the Bombay Baroda and Central India Railway (now known as CR and WR respectively).
Both the companies were in favour of the proposal. However, it took another year to obtain necessary permissions from the British government and to upgrade the railway infrastructure in Bombay city. The government of India appointed Mr Merz as a consultant to give an opinion on the electrification of railways. But Mr Merz resigned before making any concrete suggestions, except the replacement of the first Vasai bridge on the BB&CI by a stronger one.
Moreover, as the project was in the process of being executed, the First World War broke out and put the brakes on the project. The First World War placed heavy strain on the railway infrastructure in India. Railway production in the country was diverted to meet the needs of British forces outside India. By the end of the war, Indian Railways were in a state of dilapidation and disrepair.
By 1920, Mr Merz formed a consultancy firm of his own with a partner, Mr Maclellan. The government retained his firm for the railway electrification project. Plans were drawn up for rolling stock and electric infrastructure for Bombay-Poona/Igatpuri/Vasai and Madras Tambaram routes.
The secretary of state of India sanctioned these schemes in October 1920. All the inputs for the electrification, except power supply, were imported from various companies in England.
And similar to the running of the first ever railway train from Bombay to Thane on April 16, 1853, the first-ever electric train in India also ran from Bombay. The debut journey, however, was a shorter one. The first electric train ran between Bombay (Victoria Terminus) and Kurla, a distance of 16 km, on February 3, 1925 along the city’s harbour route.
The section was electrified on a 1,500 volts DC. The opening ceremony was performed by Sir Leslie Wilson, the governor of Bombay, at Victoria Terminus station in presence of a very large and distinguished gathering.
India's first electric locos (two of them), however, had already made their appearance on the Indian soil much earlier. They were delivered to the Mysore Gold Fields by Bagnalls (Stafford) with overhead electrical equipment by Siemens as early as 1910.
Various sections on the railway network were progressively electrified and commissioned between 1925 to 1930.
In 1956, the government decided to adopt 25kV AC single-phase traction as a standard for the Indian Railways to meet the challenge of the growing traffic. An organisation called the Main Line Electrification Project, which later became the Railway Electrification Project and still later the Central Organisation for Railway Electrification, was established. The first 25kV AC traction section in India is Burdwan-Mughalsarai via the Grand Chord.Corruption in British Indian Railways
Sweeney (2015) Describes the large scale corruption that existed in the financing of British Indian railways, from its commencement in 1850s when tracks were being laid out and later in its operation. [ 8 ] The ruling colonial British government were too focussed on transporting goods for export to Britain, and hence did not use them to transport food instead to prevent famines such as the Great Bengal famines in 1905 and 1942. \Indian economic development was never considered while deciding the rail network or places to be connected. It also resulted in the construction of many white elephants paid for by the natives, as commercial interests lobbied government officials with kickbacks. Government officials of the railways, especially ICS officials, and British nationals who participated in decision making such as James Mackay of Bengal were later rewarded after retirement with directorships in the City or the London headoffices and board rooms of these very so-called Indian railway companies, Poor resource allocation resulted in losses of hundreds of millions of pounds for Indians, including those in opportunity costs. Most shareholders of the railway companies set up were British. The head offices of most of these companies were in London, thus allowing Indian money to flow out of the country legally. Result, the railway debt made up nearly 50% of the Indian national debt from 1903 to 1945. Roberts and Minto spent large amounts trying to develop the Indian railways in the North west frontier province, resultign in large disproportionate losses. Guaranteed and subsidised companies were floated to run the railways, large guarantee payments were made despite there being a famine in Bengal. EIR, GIPR and Bombay Baroda (all operating in India and registered in London) had monopolies which generated profits, however these were never reinvested for the development of India. [ 9 ]Start of Independent Indian Railways
Following independence in 1947, India inherited a decrepit rail network. About 40 per cent of the railway lines were in the newly created Pakistan. Many lines had to be rerouted through Indian territory and new lines had to be constructed to connect important cities such as Jammu. A total of 42 separate railway systems, including 32 lines owned by the former Indian princely states existed at the time of independence spanning a total of 55,000 km. These were amalgamated into the Indian Railways. Sicne then, independent India has more than quadrupled the length of railway lines in the country.
In 1952, it was decided to replace the existing rail networks by zones. A total of six zones came into being in 1952. As India developed its economy, almost all railway production units started to be built indigenously. The Railways began to electrify its lines to AC. On 6 September 2003 six further zones were made from existing zones for administration purpose and one more zone added in 2006. The Indian Railways has now sixteen zones.
In 1985, steam locomotives were phased out. In 1987, computerization of reservation first was carried out in Bombay and in 1989 the train numbers were standardised to four digits. In 1995, the entire railway reservation was computerised through the railway's internet. In 1998, the Konkan Railway was opened, spanning difficult terrain through the Western Ghats. In 1984 Kolkata became the first Indian city to get a metro rail system. followed by the Delhi Metro in 2002, Bangalore's Namma Metro in 2011 and the Mumbai Metro and Mumbai Monorail in 2014. Many other Indian cities are currently planning urban rapid transit systems.See also
Indian Railway has a vast network of rail tracks throughout the dimensions of India. The network covers 28 states, 3 union territories and some areas of Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Indian Railways (IR) uses a rail track of 108,805 kms approx in total length; whereas the total route length of the network is not less than 63,465 km. Himsagar Express covers the longest distance of 3751 km on the rail tracks from Jammu Tawi to Kanyakumari.
Indian Railways has divided the country into four main and twelve other zones on the basis of their coverage area, divisions etc. IR is acclaimed to encompass one of the largest rail networks in the world. Indian Railway Map helps in knowing about the wide coverage provided by the trains of India. This railway route map of India would also assist in exploring the all destinations that are served by the Railways. Check out the Rail Map of India.Comment On This Article Popular Posts
A concise and comprehensive history of railways in India
Concise description of development of railways until the early 20th century, human interest, with many period illustrationsand photographs (115 pages of plates)
Some pictures and some interesting material on IR history, with quite a lot of overlap with Sahni's book (q.v.).
This book focuses on the early years of railways in India, with little corporate history and virtually no engineering history. The many pictures in this book are rather poorly printed, and the production quality of this book is not very good.
Focus on construction and spread of railways, and social history thereof, with some strong political theory infused throughout. 284pp, 3 maps, 10 halftones.
This book aims to explore some of the neglected dimensions of India's colonial and postcolonial railways. Topics include: Railways and the nineteenth century capitalist development of South Asia, porters at a twenty-first-century Mumbai station, late nineteenth-century Hindi accounts of train travel, post-1947 films and writings that represent railways during the Partition of India, railway art on Bangladeshi rikshas, railway workshop labour, financing and managing the railways of North India, an exploration of why India's railways did not contribute more positively to colonial India's economic development. Included CD-ROM contains bibliography, the film 'Veiled in Vapour' by Gilbert Loreaux and Mukul Mangalik, statistics, and poems.
400pp, 3 maps, 1 halftone. Reprints of significant writings on Indian railway history. Historical context, suggested approaches to the study of railway history in India.
Rajendra Aklekar, an IRFCA member and journalist based in Mumbai, has compiled a history of the early railway lines in the Mumbai area, with numerous nuggets of information gleaned in his research over the years.
An account of the difficult task of building the tracks to the northwest for the Khyber Railway
This is a well-written, predominantly civil engineering history of the N.W.R.
Not very well organized in its content. Much emphasis on administrative issues, with little on engineering history.
An account of the role of the railways in India in World War II, focusing on the activity in the east in facing off Japan in Burma.
Author's memoirs as officer in the 9th Gurkha regiment (1934-1953) in India, Iraq, Syria, and Burma between 1934 and 1953, with a focus on railway experience. Details of locos, rolling stock, and operations.
History and details of WR services (especially suburban), buildings, etc. Many old and new photographs.
Some copies are available from the BORHT for delivery outside India. Write to: British Overseas Railways Historical Trust
Mr Anand can deliver within India, or you may pick up your copy from him in Mumbai.
In New Delhi, copies are available from: The souvenir counter of the National Rail Museum.
A history of Garden Reach, which housed the headquarters of the Bengal Nagpur Railway and is still used by the South Eastern Railway. Photographs, facsimiles of early documents, biographies, etc.
An account of the restoration of a 1926 Beyer-Peacock Garratt of the Bengal Nagpur Railway, along with historical accounts of Garratts in India and related material.
All by R.R. Bhandari, the first curator of the National Rail Museum. The books on specific railway systems are good, concise histories of the systems, with specific information on dates of opening of various lines, etc. and with fairly good quality black-and-white and colour plates.
No ISBNs for some of these. The older ones are generally long out of print. Some of these may still be available from the National Rail Museum in New Delhi. A few are also available from the British Overseas Railways Historical Trust. The book on the DHR is a new one (available at the NRM), and is the first in a new series planned on the mountain railways, including material re-issued from the book Exotic Indian Mountain Railways along with some new material.
The book traces the history of Western Railway from its precursor the BB&CI Railway; pictures, facts and figures.
History of the WR and CR Mumbai suburban system - railway stations, impact on society - anecdotes from commuters, pieces by well-known figures.
Treatise on postal stamps with a railway theme, with a catalogue of many rare and notable stamps.
Treatise on the heritage of Western Railway - covers documentation and archives, photographs, and preserved artifacts. Includes a chapter on documentation of WR relics of heritage significance, by IRFCA member Rajendra Aklekar.
Selected official reports, correspondence, etc. related to the inception and early growth of railways in India, including a reprint of the Stephenson report.
Coverage of the railways of northeast India and their history, including the DHR, Assam Bengal Railway, etc.
Account of the efforts to forge steamship and railway links between Europe and India. Covers battles, diplomacy, engineering, and social and political history. Includes maps
Author's career as a Railway Official in India.
The book describe historical and biographical incidents on Indian Railway. It focuses on human elements, its development and potential and highlights the importance of research and technological upgradation of Indian Railways to effectively play its national and social roles.
More on the XB Pacific class.
Early proposals for railways in India, with official and unofficial correspondence and trade figures and projections. See the NRM publication "Line Clear to India", published in 1998, which incorporates this report.
Author was a pioneer of the railways and promoter of the military, political, and commercial benefits of railways and telegraphs in India.
With an account of their rise, progress and construction - written with the aid of the records of the India Office.
Article formerly published in the Quarterly Review.
A typical morale boosting wartime booklet. Brief history of Indian Rlys and the demands made on them by war and how they were met. Data about traffic, etc. and ideas on what was to happen on the Railways immediately post-war.
An account of the refugee traffic after Partition.
History of EIR: planning, fund-raising, land acquisition, cargo carried, and economic impact on the eastern region.
Early plans for railways in India and the difficulties of financing them.
Details of all railway operations in India from the middle of the 19th century, with dates of opening of routes, train running arrangements, contract dates and information, and many maps. This was an annual publication; the issues were produced until the 1960s or so.
Historical record of Indian and south-east Asian railways, with pictures.
Annual publication, usually two volumes in each year. Passenger and freight traffic statistics, revenue, etc.
Usually including maps, charts, photographs and illustrations of rolling stock, etc. Usually in two volumes; one with descriptions, maps, illustrations, and the other with tabulated data on finances, traffic, etc.
The history of Indian railway construction of the 19 century could be divided into the following three broad phases. 1. Under old terms of guarantee system (1844-1869); 2. Under state supervision and management (1869-1879); and 3. Under the terms of new guarantee system (1879-1900). The present study aims at presenting the documents of vital importance for writing such a history.
Guide book of tourist sites and description of railway system
Hints for travellers,routes,Hindu customs etc. and the Nilgiri railway
Profusely illustrated with black and white photographs, frontispiece map of the Indian Railway system, exhaustive description of the railways in India at the beginning of the 20th century.
Containing the special time and fare tables of all the Indian railway companies, steam boats and dak companies, places of interest along the coast, postal and telegraphic information, the routes between the principal towns of Northern, Central, Southern, and Western India, etc. "corrected up to 30th June 1890"
With many engravings and photographs, pp 106
Autobiographical reminiscences of a Railway Official in India. Coverage of the Bengal Nagpur Rly.
Excerpted minutes of proceeds of the Instn. Civil Engineers, vol. 199, session 1914-15. 1915, Institution of Civil Engineers, London
Detailed proposal and estimates for Baroda Railway, including land surveys, sketch maps, economic analyses, etc. foreshadowing the BBCI Rly.
Reprint of a paper presented to the Institution of Electrical Engineers on April 28, 1932
Souvenir book with photographs of landscape and route.
Excerpts of Instn. of Civil Engineers proceedings, vol. 193, session 1912-13.
An illustrated guide to the areas served by the BB&CI Rly. B&W photos
Details of UK, British Colonial, and other British-owned railways. Administrative details, fold-out maps, staff directories.
Non-technical exposition with plenty of proposals for various international railway connections.
Humorous sketches on the state of the railways in India. Originally published for the GIP Railway Magazine. Title translates to "It-doesn't-matter city, home-made railway"; author's pseudonym translates to "At your service".
Basic tourist information on 100+ destinations and rail tours with tips for rail travel. Covers most of the rail routes in India.
Contains an extensive list of stations with their codes, distances from New Delhi, and route information.
Contains a comprehensive list of passenger and goods stations, sidings, cabins, etc. Published irregularly every few years. The last one was published in 1995.(?) Available from offices of the Chief Commercial Managers of the zonal railways.
Commercial rules and procedures, information for commercial department staff.
Indian signalling principles and practice described.
Notes on the hump yards based on compiled from data made available in the Railway Board's Office, and from visits paid to most of the more important hump yards in India.
These two books above have operational details of IR.
Much overlap with Sahni's book on Indian Railways for the early history of railways in the subcontinent. All the material is on West Pakistan (as it was then) with hardly anything on East Pakistan (as it was then).
The most comprehensive account of railways in Sri Lanka. Mostly deals with Sri Lanka Railways (formerly Ceylon Government Railways) but also has material on Port Authority Railway, etc. Historical development of network, patterns of service, signalling and operating systems, detailed list of all motive power, maps, tabulations of heights and distances, diagrams of major junctions.
Comprehensive account of proposed and actual railways in Afghanistan and on its borders. Includes photographs, drawings, and maps, 47pp.
This has a short but very informative account of Iranian railways, under its various names, and other railways in the middle East.
This book provides a country-by-country account of the world's railways, and has numerous photographs and maps.
117 pages on India, with illustrations.
20 Indian photographs, including one of a Sharp Stewart 4-6-0ST of 1862 of the GIPR.
(German) About the Indian Mail route from the UK to India, with a long section on Indian railways
German) This has a section on railways in Pakistan and a discussion of the Trans-Asian Railway project
A study of the growth of IR in a socio-economic context.
Organization of IR, recruitment, training, pay policies, employment policies, etc.Timetables Q. Where can I get the "Bradshaw" for Indian Railways?
[6/98] W. Newman & Co. in Calcutta publish the Indian Bradshaw. It costs about Rs 75 (??) for a copy, to which you should add postage charges. They will deliver by registered book post overseas. They offer an annual subscription for about Rs 830 (as of [1/01]. The Bradshaw is widely available in bigger railway stations, too.
Bradshaw department W. Newman & Co 3, Old Court House Street CALCUTTA-700069.Q. Where can I get "Trains at a glance"?
TAAG lists only the long-distance mail and superfast express trains; you have to refer to the specific zonal timetables for all non-express passenger trains, locals, and shuttle services.
It is published by the Ministry of Railways on the first of July every year, and is available at most railway book stalls. There are also other publications that call themselves "Trains at a glance", and which have broadly similar information, but which are published by various private companies (sometimes these include tourist information as well).Q. Where can I get the Thomas Cook timetables?
Thomas Cook travel bureaus can usually supply these. There are two main timetables from Thomas Cook; one covers Europe (the "European" timetable) and the other covers Russia and all of Asia (the 'Overseas' timetable). They also publish other rail guides and maps that cover Russia, India, the US, Australia, etc.
In the US and Canada, these are available from Forsyth Travel Services (US tollfree 800.367.7984).
In the UK, contact Thomas Cook Publishing, Dept. TPO/FE/8C, at the following address: PO Box 227, Peterborough PE3 6PU, United Kingdom (phone +44 1733.503571, fax +44 1733.503596)Q. Where can I get a copy of Rail Duniya?
[6/98] Rail Duniya is in Hindi and English at Rs 20/- per issue. It is published quarterly, and is usually quite up-to-date with the schedules. Write to:
The Editor, Rail Duniya, Motibag Building, Ahead of Bhusawal High School, Bhusawal 425201, District Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India. Tel: +91-2582-23155.Videos Q. What are some videos available on Indian trains?
Note: Prices below are approximate and may be out of date! Please enquire with the publisher or supplier. In some cases they may be post-paid, and sometimes shipping may be extra.
Nick Lera / Locomotion Pictures
Relics of the Raj :This tape has Gaekwar's Baroda State Railway, 2'6" Western Railway NG network near Baroda, BG steam in Bengal -- WP, 0-6-0, HPS, Bengal NG 2-4-0 at Shantipur, MG in Goa - Steam banking action in Ghat section on the British built 2-8-2, the Nilgiri Line, and lastly about a minute and a half of the Patiala State Monorail.
Toy Train To The Clouds. Final months of 100% steam to Darjeeling, plus historic footage of freight trains. Includes 'Baby Sivok' on its unique main line outing to Agony Point. 75 minutes.
Steam's Indian Summer: A Farewell to Indian Steam With Mark Tully; a farewell tribute to Indian steam. Bankura narrow gauge CC, Mhow Ghat steam cab ride, WL light Pacifics in Punjab, etc. 1994-97. The entire production appeared on Discovery Channel, Travel Channel, etc.
Rails to the North West Frontier Pakistan, 1993-96. Features the Bolan Pass including a long driver's eye view sequence through the tunnels, Mirpur Khas meter gauge (3 steam classes), Samasata CWD, Malakwal inside cylinder locos, the Khyber Pass with its original HGS 2-8-0, and a shot of steam on the Attock Bridge across the Indus. Loco repair sequences including a steam crane lift. Inside cylinder motion of an SPS 4-4-0 filmed from the running board. Total 50 min.
Web site: www.nickleravideo.com. Colour images of the cassette covers can be seen here.
All tapes £19.95 each + p&p.
Signal Box, 1 Albion Street, Anstey, LE7 7DD, UK. By phone: +44 1162362901, fax: +44 11623240401 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
[9/98] US: Some of these videos are available from Columbia River Entertainment Group. Phone 800-288-2007 x2045. Their catalogue may have slightly different titles for these. Credit cards, cheques, or money orders.
Volume 1 covers North, Western & Central Railways. Volume 2 covers South Eastern, South Central & Southern Railways.
Covers BG and MG steam action in India, including the Ooty line.
Eisenbahn Video can be reached by mail at: D-1704 Obersulm, PO 111, Germany. Phone: +49 7134.14294.
The Flying Scotman tape has an introduction by Mr.O.S.Nock and also features "The Romance Of Indian Railways" narated by Mr.Satow (founder of our National Railway Museum - Delhi). (Perhaps not available now??)
This is the 2-hour segment on various aspects of IR which appeared (still does, occasionally) on PBS TV stations in the US. It is very well-done, with a wide cross-section of passengers, railway staff, trains, and locations.
Indian Steam Sunset. 3 volumes
All kinds of steam action in India, including the Darjeeling and Ooty lines, Tweed, etc. The volumes are each about an hour long.
Steam in Pakistan
A range of DVD productions covering steam and electric railways and tramways in India, Europe, South America and Australia. All productions are in DVD format, but a small number of older productions remain available on NTSC. (Please enquire.)
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, shot in January 1997, when the line was still all steam. Includes scenes at Batasia, Chunbati, and Agony Point loops, zig-zags 1 and 4, and Kurseong Bazaar. 53 minutes, all-digital. Map, diagrams 120 mins; $A39.95.
The Ooty Rack
Filmed in Jan. 1997, April 1999, and September 2004; includes 4 short scenes on Super-8 movie film and some still shots dating back to 1973. Focus is on the rack, but this production shows trains operating over the full length of the line, including YDM4 diesels and the oil-burner. Digitally edited. Maps, diagrams. 95 min; $A34.95.
Last wisps of Indian steam
MG steam on the Bari Sadri branch near Udaipur in Jan. 1997, and on the Wankaner - Morvi - Maliya Miyana section in April 1999. 53 minutes. All digital. Includes maps and diagrams. 71 mins. $A29.95.
Digital footage from 1997 and stills dating back to 1970. Covers all lines then running. Local colour. Maps. 55 mins. $A29.95.
Shot in 1982 in Pakistan, this is a clockwise tour around Pakistan's railway system. All important locations are covered, both strategic border lines and the busy commerce of the plains. The Bolan Pass is seen in bitter winter weather, and husky HG/S 2-8-0s shunt at Bostan in deep snow. The Khyber Pass is seen in sunshine all the way to the current terminus at Landi Kotal. On the plains, Sarghoda, Malakwal, Multan, Kundian, Nowshera, Wazirabad, Lahore, Kotri and Karachi are all visited. BESA 0-6-0s and 4-4-0s, IRS XA 4-6-2s, AWD/CWD 2-8-2s, and numerous diesels are seen on mainline and local services. Metre gauge 4-6-0s and 2-8-2s are recorded at Mirpur Khas Junction. Includes stills from slides. Maps. 56 min. $A29.95.
Clouds Rising in the Sky
In September 2004 UNESCO was considering the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in southern India for World Heritage status. This film follows the inspection of the railway for the preparation of the report on which the UNESCO decision would be based. all digital. 38 min; $A19.95.
Never a Toy
Shows the 2007 UNESCO World Heritage inspection of the Kalka-Shimla railway, with diesel and steam. All digital. 59 min. $A29.95.
Indian Railways: Four Short Films
Includes KSR cab rides on steam and railmotor, plus a main line diesel cab ride in Rajastan. All digital. 60 mins, RRP $A29.95 ea.
See the Railstuff web site for more information. Payment accepted in cheques or postal money orders in AUSTRALIAN currency; for credit card orders, please go through PayPal. Or write to: Railstuff, PO Box 2155, Graceville East, Queensland 4075, Australia. Phone: +61 7.3278.1990 Fax: +61 7.3278.1805 E-mail: email@example.com
Indian Railways Videos, Vol. 1, Jan. 2003
115 minutes of IR action, including diesels and electrics. Footage of the Chennai-Villupuram section as well, the only electrified MG section left in India. Digitally recorded; available in DVD-R format only (NTSC or PAL). More information and ordering details are at the web site indicated below. This is the first volume of what will eventually be a series of IR videos.
50 minutes of steam in India (Rajasthan) and China (Inner Mongolia). Available on videocassette and DVD. The web site has more information.
Six different sections on various trains; one is on the Palace on Wheels in India (about an hour long). Covers the WDM-2-hauled POW in Rajasthan with commentary on landscape/surroundings, a few other IR shots. DVD.
Train tour of India, New Delhi, Taj Mahal, 7 other cities. 52 minutes. 1995, Publisher's Choice Video
Note: The BBC and National Geographic tapes are available in Bombay. Some of the above are available in general bookstores in Bombay as well as at India Hobby Centre (Marine Lines) and at a few Toy shops which sell educative Video tapes (try Breach Candy area - Amarsons, Roopsons, Benzer and The Cross Words).
Many of the above are also available from Midland Counties Publications and other bookstores carrying railway material.Maps & Atlases Q. Where can I find maps of the railway networks in India, or topographic maps, etc.?
The railway timetables usually have zonal railway maps attached to the back cover, but these are not very detailed. Some useful railway maps and atlases are listed below:
Online maps See the map section of the FAQ for fairly detailed route maps of the Indian Railways network, and some historical maps as well.
There are some other maps of India available online, although very few of them are railway-related.
Official zonal maps are available with the Chief Engineer's office of each zonal railway; they are not generally available for sale although copies may be obtained from there on occasion. The Railway Staff College in Vadodara also has official zonal and system maps for IR.
Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. An 850mm x 450mm map of the main DHR line by John Gillham is available from the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Society of the UK. This map does not show relief, nor any roads other than the Cart Road. Another good map of the DHR is one that appeared in the Loco Profile booklet (#23) on Darjeeling Tanks (see the locomotive books section for information on this).
Topographic maps. The Survey of India publishes topographic and other maps at various scales for different regions of India. Small-scale maps and thematic maps of various kinds are easily found. However, it is hard to obtain official and accurate maps, especially topographic maps, of many areas that are treated as sensitive or of military significance (mainly of the north-east of the country, areas in Rajasthan, Punjab, etc. within 50km of the international border, coastal areas within 50km of the shore, and many others).
In particular, based on a 1968 law (Official Order No. F.7(7)/64/D(GS-III) of April 15, 1968) modifying earlier British policy, large-scale maps (i.e. scales larger than 1:250 000 ) are highly restricted for the sensitive areas; maps up to only 1:1000 000 are available for some coastal areas; and toposheets up to 1:25 000 are available to the public for areas of India designated as unrestricted for map distribution purposes. Of some interest are the 1:500 000 Tactical Pilotage charts which are fairly easily available, but these do not show a lot of detail.
Note: The possession, distribution, or export of topographic maps of restricted areas at large scales requires clearance from the Ministry of Defence and sometimes also from the Ministry of Home Affairs, and penalties including imprisonment may apply to anyone found using these within India without official authorization.
Finally, note that old maps (pre-Independence) of India and Indian railways are available in libraries such as the Oriental and India Office collections at the British Library in London, UK.Related Sections Off-Site Links
Tags: indian railway timetable ebook