In 1783 King Charles III ordered the chart coverage of the waters under Spanish jurisdiction. The conduct of the work was entrusted to Captain Vicente Tofiño de San Miguel y Van der Walle, for some years director of the Colegio de Guardias Marinas in Cadiz.
In 1789 was thus published 'Atlas Maritimo de España, composed of a Part I with 16 tables and a Part II of 31 tables with a beautiful allegorical title-page with the arms of Spain and the Collar of Charles III: Rafael Mengs, commander of the Corps of Royal Engineers, composed the image while the plate was made by Manuel Salvador Carmona, engraver and director of the Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando.
It was a paramount work that combined land and sea operations, both astronomical and geometrical, with advanced surveying methods, and therefore was highly praised by European geographers, ranking among the masterpieces of contemporary charting. It also includes, for the first time ever, capital letters to describe the quality of the seabed, so that A = arena (sand), P = piedra (rocks), C = Cascajo (gravel), L = lama (mud).
This concise and practical method of description became in general use in the first half of the next century. In 1989 the Instituto Hidrográfico de la Marina de España published the facsimile edition of 'Atlas Maritimo de España, on the occasion of the bicentenary of the publication of the Atlas.
Plate. XXIX, engraved by B. Vasquez, represents the coast from Cadiz to Trafalgar, with Madeira and Porto Santo.
The cartographic collection owns a valuable documentary material, consisted generally of historical atlases and maps, signed by cartographers and renowned editors, such as Ortelius, Lazius, Castaldo, Mercator, G. De l'Isle, Homanno etc.
Users interested in the evolution of cartography can consult one of the three copies of "Tabula Peutengeriana" (the original is in Vienna), the oldest, edited at Antverpen, in 16th century, which is, unfortunately, in a poor state of conservation, or those printed in 17th century and in 1812, but also specific materials for XVI-XVIII centuries, such as a maritime Dutch globe from 17th century.
The study of the maps provides interesting information about significant historical events and their consequences, such as changes of borders; about the various changes the Romanian territory has gone through, on geographical areas according to the political interests of that time and the area of influence of Great Powers: The Ottoman Empire, The Habsburg Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Fund also holds maps showing the Danube’s course from its source to its shedding and its riparian territories, maps of Europe from different historical periods and maps of the major geographical discoveries.
The Maps Cabinet offers to its users historical military maps, astrological charts, ethnographic maps, touristic maps with a historical importance, plans of cities and estates, geographical atlases, universal geographical monographs with cartographic representations.
For their uniqueness but also for their documentary importance, the following cartographic works are worth mentioning: Daciarum Moesiarumque Vetus Descriptio by Philippus Cliverius, one of the boards which represented the map of the Ottoman Empire, with the title La Moldavie, la Walakie et la Transylvanie. three copies, annexes to the paper Histoire de la Geographie. entitled Typus Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius, 1587; Cartographie de Moyen Âge with additions.The National Library of Romania owns a copy of the book entitled Romaniae quae olim Thracia dicta est vicinorumquae regionum Bulgariae, Walachiae, Syrviae drawn in 1584 by Iacobo Castaldo.
The following atlases are of great historical value. Atlas Maritimo de España. 1786, in two volums; Schauplatz der Fünf Theile der Welt. realized by Franz Johan and Joseph von Reilly in 1789.
Other important cartographic documents are: Transylvaniae Principatus Tabula Novissima Descriptio. published by Cornelius Danckerts, detailed presentation of counties and cities of the principality, with their old names; Nova et Accurata Transilvaniae Descriptio. part of Atlas Contractus. published in 1766 by Ioannes Ianssonius ; the map of the theater of war at the borders from Vienna to Constantinople, made by Nicolas de Fer; Le Royaume de Hongrie et de Pays. completion of Guillaume de l’Isle‘s work, Nova et Accurata Regni Hungariae Tabula. cartographic image of the Romanian Country in the south-european context, having the title Walachia, Servia, Bulgaria et Romagna part of an impressive work entitled Atlas Minor, realized by Gerard Mercator in 1607.quick links
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Samuel Dunn. "Spain and Portugal, with their General Divisions." London: Robert Sayer, 1786. 12 x 17. Engraving. Original hand color. Some marginal spotting. Otherwise, very good condition.
A handsome British map of Spain and Portugal by Samuel Dunn (d. 1794). Besides being a mapmaker, Dunn was a sometimes publisher of maps and atlases, a mathematician, and teacher, who advertised his profession as "S. Dunn Teacher of the Mathematicks London. Boards Young Gentlemen, & Teacheth Penmanship, Merch'ts Acc'ts, Navigation, Fortification, Astronomy &c. Chelsea." Topography and political features are precisely engraved, and known rivers and lakes also. Overall, a fine example of British map-making from a period of growing world-wide power by the nation. $225
Tindal for Rapin. "A Correct Chart of the Bay of Biscay, Part of the Western Ocean & Mediterranean Sea; Describing the Coasts of Spain and Portugal, with Part of France, from Morlais to Valencia; Done from the latest & best Discoveries:" London: J. Harrison, 1789. 18 3/4 x 14 3/4. Engraving. Crisp printing and full margins.
This map was prepared for a large folio series of books by Paul de Rapin-Thoyas for his The History of England, written originally in French. translated into English. by N. Tindal and T[obias] Smollett in five volumes. The work was an attempt to be exhaustive in the spirit of the eighteenth century philosophes by treating the subject from prehistoric times up to the date of publication--in this case contemporary with the American Revolution. England had very active trade arrangements with Spain, and this sea chart, with its rhumb lines and exclusively coastal information, dramatizes the important role that trade between the nations played in history. $175
"A Map of Spain and Portugal Drawn from the Best Authorities." London: Richard Wilkinson, 1791. 8 3/4 x 11. Engraving by T. Couder. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A fine, late 18th century map of the Iberian Peninsula, with the coastal features of the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and the Bay of Biscay. Attractive hand coloring helps to differentiate Spanish and Portuguese provinces. An interesting and handsome map of southwestern Europe at the end of the 18th century. $90
Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly. "Karte von dem Königreiche Spanien." Austria: von Reilly, 1795. Engraving by F. Müller. 21 1/2 x 27. Original outline color. Some light stains at bottom. Overall, very good condition.
Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly (1766-1820), was a Viennese art and book dealer who was also a journalist and poet. He began to publish maps and atlases, in 1796 producing his Deutscher Atlas, the first world atlas produced by an Austrian. This map is a fine example of the maps from this atlas, which are quite large and with an impressive amount of clearly engraved detail. The map is utilitarian in intent, but still has a decorative appeal, with its soft coloring and stylized title cartouche. $375
Clement Cruttwell. "Spain and Portugal." From Atlas to Cruttwell's Gazetteer. London: G. Kearsley, 1797. Double folio. 13 1/4 x 15 1/4. Engraving by Neele. Original outline color. Very good condition.
A fine map from a nice selection of late eighteenth century British publication by Clement Cruttwell, a publisher and surveyor from Bath. Cities, rivers, counties, and some orography is indicated with clear engraving, and the whole colored with pastel outline shades. British maps were the best in the world in the late eighteenth century and these are good examples of type. $110
Maps by John Cary. London: J. Cary, 1801. 18 x 20. Engraving by J. Cary. Full original hand color. Excellent condition.
Large, detailed maps from one of the dominant British cartographers of the beginning of the nineteenth century. Though quite attractive, these maps are among the earliest that can be said to have something of the "modern" feel of the maps that would follow through the mid-nineteenth century.
John Cary. "Spain." From Cary's New Universal Atlas . London: J. Cary, 1816. 9 x 11 1/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Light spots in margins. Else, very good condition.
A smaller format map produced by John Cary (ca. 1754-1835), the founder of the famous English cartographic firm. $175
C. Gros and E. Paguenaud. "Map of Spain and Portugal. " From Carey & Lea's edition of C. V. Lavoisne's A Complete Genealogical, Historical & Chronological Atlas. Philadelphia: M. Carey & Son, 1821. Map, 10 1/8 x 12 3/4; with text, 16 1/2 x 20 1/4. Engraving by Yeager. Full original color. One small chip just into neat line at top center. Very good condition.
A map of Spain and Portugal issued is illustrate Lavoisne's Historical Atlas. The maps in this atlas were issued on sheets containing text around the maps giving the situation and history of the areas depicted. The map of Iberia shows the peninsula, along with the Mediterranean islands, with the sites of battles and sieges indicated throughout. The text concerns the two nations, and lists of battles are also included. An excellent visual and verbal history of the country. $85
Dirección de Hidrografia. "Carta Esferica de las Costas de la Peninsula de España. en esta parte del Mediterraneo con las Islas y Escollos que comprende esta extension de Mar." Credits to "Gaspar Masa la delineó / F. Cardeno la grabó / M.C. Maré la escribió." Madrid, 1825. 23 1/2 x 35 3/4 (neatlines) plus platemarks and complete margins. Etching. Small 1" tear bottom left. Excellent condition.
Vicente Tofiño de San Miguel (1723-1795) was commissioned by the king to produce the first hydrographic atlas of the Spanish coast during the years 1783-1788. The resulting Atlas Maritimo de España was the first great, published atlas of European waters to be published by the Spanish government and signaled an opening of information and thus attitudes by a theretofore secretive society. In 1789 the same cartographers began the huge Atlas Maritimo Español which included maps of the western hemisphere. These atlases were the great accomplishments of the Dirección de Hidrografia which continued its operations even during the Peninsular Wars. This map appeared in atlases in the early years and is recorded as separate sheets in the British Museum catalog as editions of 1808 and 1811, but this edition of 1825 is nowhere else located and shows how long the project was extended by the Spanish government. A scarce and lovely chart. $650
"Spain & Portugal." Philadelphia: Anthony Finley, 1825. 8 3/4 x 11 1/4. Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full original hand color. Excellent condition.
A bright, colorful map with good detail despite its small size. From one of the important Philadelphia publishers of the early nineteenth century. $55Maps by Sidney Hall. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1828-29. Engravings. Original outline color. Very good condition. Two handsome and very detailed maps of the Iberian peninsula by British cartographer Sidney Hall, issued in London from 1828-9. Though other countries, including the United States, had by then developed cartographic industries of considerable quality, British map publishers were still the best in the world in the 1820s. These maps show why, with clear and precise engraving depicting copious up-to-date information. These maps are a development of the Cary maps of 1801, with more and newer information and brighter hand color.
Spanish and Portuguese city plans by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. London: SDUK, 1830-40. All ca. 12 x 15. Engravings. Original outline hand-coloring. Some minor chipping in some margins. Very good condition, except as noted.
Detailed and clearly drawn maps of major cities of Spain and Portugal by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK). This wonderful English enterprise was devoted to the spreading of up-to-date information and the enhancing of geographical understanding. These precise views of 19th-century geography are splendid examples of the Society's work. Each city map shows the streets, topography and major buildings of the city depicted. Also included are either inset views of the city and its buildings or a series of sketches of the facades of major buildings. Decorative and informative.
David H. Burr. "Spain & Portugal." From Universal Atlas. New York: Thomas Illman, 1834. 10 1/2 x 12 1/2. Engraving. Full original color. Very good condition.
An excellent map of Spain and Portugal by David H. Burr, one of the most important American cartographers of the first part of the nineteenth century. Having studied under Simeon DeWitt, Burr produced the second state atlas issued in the United States, of New York in 1829. He was then appointed to be geographer for the U.S. Post Office and later geographer to the House of Representatives. As a careful geographer, Burr is careful in this map to put in only information for which he felt there was a scientific basis. Burr's maps are scarce and quite desirable. $125
"Ancient Spain and Portugal." London: Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, 1838. 9 3/4 x 11 3/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Excellent condition.
A highly detailed map of Spain and Portugal from the interesting atlas issued by the "S.D.U.K." $45
Samuel Griswold Goodrich (1793-1860). "Spain, Portugal." From A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 4 1/4 x 5 3/4 (sight). Engraved by G.W. Boynton.
This precisely engraved map has a wealth of detail despite its size. Primarily used for educational purposes, major population centers, roads, and some topography are shown. Interestingly, the prime meridian is Washington, D.C. $30
J. Dower. "Spain & Portugal." From A New General Atlas of the World. London: Henry Teesdale & Co. 1842. 13 1/4 x 16 1/4. Engraving by J. Dower. Original outline color. Very good condition.
A handsome map of Spain and Portugal by British cartographer J. Dower. This map is typical of British cartographers of the period, with clear and precise engraving depicting copious up-to-date information. Towns, rivers, roads, political boundaries and topography are shown from throughout. The hand coloring, beautifully applied, makes this map as handsome as it is interesting. $150
Henry S. Tanner. "Spain and Portugal." From New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1843. 11 5/8 x 15 1/4. Full original hand coloring. Very good condition. With inset lower right: "Environs of Madrid."
An excellent map of Spain anh Portugal by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas. which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas. of more manageable size. The atlas contained excellent maps of all parts of the world. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. In 1841, Carey & Hart issued an edition of the atlas, and the maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. $175
"Spain and Portugal." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. 1850. 12 3/4 x 15 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Excellent condition.
A strongly colored map from the middle of the nineteenth century. One of the last of the more 'antique' looking maps. $75
"Spain and Portugal." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 12 1/2 x 15 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new roads, towns, and other information. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. Inset showing the "Environs of Madrid." An attractive and fascinating document of these countries. $75
View ItemMap of the City of Baracoa Description
Felipe Bauzá (also seen as Bausá, 1764−1834) was a Spanish cartographer. He trained in the technical branch of the Spanish Navy, where he proved himself to be a skilled draftsman and mathematician. For a time he worked under the direction of Vicente Tofiño, the most-esteemed Spanish cartographer of the day, on the production of the Atlas marítimo de España (Maritime atlas of Spain). He was the cartographer aboard the corvette Descubierta on the famous Malaspina Expedition of 1789−94, which, under the command of naval officer and explorer Alessandro Malaspina, visited nearly all of the Spanish possessions in the Americas and Asia. Back in Madrid, in 1797 Bauzá was appointed director of Hydrographic Office. This pen and India ink manuscript map by Bauzá is from 1831. The map is illuminated in gouache in green, sepia, and pink. Relief is represented by shading, and roads and farm plots are shown. The letter key in the lower left indicates important buildings and structures, including the parish church, the market, and the batteries guarding the harbor. The scale is in varas castellanas (Castilian yards, an old unit of measurement that varied with time and place, equivalent to about 0.84 meters). The map has great importance from both a geographical and historic perspective. Baracoa was founded by the Spanish on August 15, 1511 under the name Villa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Baracoa (City of Our Lady of Assumption of Baracoa). Located on the eastern tip of the island, on the Bahía de Miel (Bay of Honey), it is the oldest city in Cuba and the starting point for the 16th-century Spanish colonization.Associated Name
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